CTDL Profile of ASN-DL

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About

Editors: CTDL-ASN Profile (2016 - )

Stuart A. Sutton, Information School, University of Washington

Jeanne Kitchens, SIUC Center for Workforce Development

Editors: ASN Description Language (1999-2013)

Joseph Chapman, D2L Corporation (previously, JES & Co.)

Stuart A. Sutton, University of Washington

Diny Golder, JES & Co.

Date CTDL-ASN Profile Issued

2016-11-17

Status of Document

Published

Description of Document

This document defines a CTDL application profile for the description of competency frameworks using the Achievement Standards Network Description Language (ASN-DL). The CTDL profile will be referred to as the CTDL-ASN. The ASN-DL was developed over a period of 10 years through funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation and is widely deployed in the U.S., Canada, and Australia for describing competency frameworks in their secondary and technical schools. The ASN abstract and data models on which the CTDL-ASN relies are based on W3C's Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) Abstract Model (http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/) and its associated principles. The schema used to describe the two entities in the ASN conceptual model are drawn from a number of different publicly declared namespaces as set out in the Namespace Section below. As an extensible metadata schema, the ASN embraces the DCMI principles of property (element) refinement and dumb-down.


Contents


Introduction

For a general introduction to the CTDL-ASN Profile (CTDL-ASN) and the Achievement Standards Network (ASN) data, see:

       How the CTDL-ASN Works 

To see actual examples of competency frameworks modeled using the ASN-DL, see the Desire-to-Learn (ASN-D2L) open repository of several thousand frameworks. For a sense of the breadth of coverage of the framework including career education, see the listing of frameworks deployed in Arkansas.


Namespaces Used for ASN Properties

The CTDL-ASN standards document and statement class descriptions uses properties from the following namespaces:


Class/Property Tables

The ASN-DL data model is comprised of two entity classes and their associated properties. There is a class for describing a competency framework as a whole called the "Standard Document" and a second class called "Statement". A competency framework is comprised of a single Standard Document description and one Statement entity for each assertion of knowledge, skills, and abilities that "belong" to the competency framework entity. Every instance of both classes are identified by Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) so they can be linked to from anywhere on the open Web.

The following two sections provide tables of content to the properties belonging to each of these two kinds (classes) of entity in the ASN-DL data model. Each Property Label in the tables of content for the two entities is linked to a full explanation of the property. An explanation of what the rows in the tables mean can be found here.

One of the great strengths of RDF and the ASN-DL (and thus the CTDL-ASN) is the fact that the array of properties can be extended and refined through the addition of new properties to meet specific needs. Defining such extensions is one of the roles of this CTDL-ASN Profile.

Standard Document Class

Property Label

Context-Specific Definition

Align From

A standards document from which the standard document being described is aligned.

Align To

A standards document to which the standard document being described is aligned.

Author

A person or organization chiefly responsible for the intellectual content of the standards document.

Date Copyrighted

Date of copyright of the standards document.

Date Valid

Where available, the date (often a range) of validity of a resource.

Description

A description of the standards document.

Education Level

A general statement describing the education or training context. Alternatively, a more specific statement of the location of the audience in terms of its progression through an education or training context. I.e., the grade or grade bands covered by the standards document.

Export Version

The URI of the ASN export version of the standards document.

File Created

[Deprecated*] The specific date the ASN standards file was generated by an ASN repository.

Has Child

Identifies top-level child statements of the standards document being described.

Jurisdiction

A legal, quasi-legal, organizational or institutional domain of the entity mandating the use of the achievement standard--e.g., California, Singapore, NCTM.

Language

A language of the standards document.

License

A legal document giving official permission to do something with the standards document.

Local Subject

The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency. The local subject may be different from the ASN subject assigned to a standard document as an organizing mechanism in the ASN.

Note

A documentation note that describes signification changes or provides aids to administration.

Publication Status

The publication status of the of the standard document--e.g., "Draft", "Published", "Deprecated".

Publisher

An entity responsible for making the resource available. In the ASN, the publisher is the promulgating agency of the standards document.

Repository Date

The date the standard document was added to the ASN repository.

Rights

Information about rights held in and over the standards document.

Rights Holder

A person or organization owning or managing rights over the standards document.

Source

The achievement standard document from which the ASN representation is derived. ♦ The URL and/or formal citation of the original achievement standards document.

Subject

The learning area/discipline of the standards document.

Table of Contents

A list of subunits of the resource.

Title

A name given to the resource.

[Deprecated*] terms remain valid but are no longer recommended

Statement Class

Property Label

Context-Specific Definition

Align From

A statement from which the statement being described is aligned.

Align To

A statement to which the statement being described is aligned.

Alternative Statement Notation

An alphanumeric notation or ID code identifying the statement in common use among end-users.

Author

A person or organization chiefly responsible for the intellectual content of the derived statements.

Authority Status

The status of a standards statement denoting whether the statement owes its origin to the promulgating agency of the standards document of which the statement is a member (i.e., value "Original") or to some 3rd party (i.e., value "Derived").

Broad Alignment

The target competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency being described.

Comment

Supplemental text provided by the promulgating body that clarifies the nature, scope or use of the statement being described.

Comprised Of

The resource being described includes, comprehends or encompass, in whole or in part, the meaning, nature or importance of the resource being referenced.

Concept Keyword

Denote the significant topicality of the achievement standard using free-text keywords and phrases derived and assigned by the indexer, e.g., "George Washington", "Ayers Rock", etc.

Concept Term

Denotes the topicality of the achievement standard—e.g., "Phythagorean Theorem", "Trigonometric functions", "Forces and energy", "Scientific method", "Oral history" etc.

Creator

An entity primarily responsible for making the resource.

Created

Date of creation of a 3rd-party derived statement.

Cross Subject Reference

An explicit assertion by the promulgating agency that establishes a relationship between the statement being described and statement in a separate subject standards document (interdisciplinary statement references).

Derived From

The URI of a statement from which the statement being described has been derived. The «derivedFrom» property is used by 3rd parties only in derived statements and must appear in conjunction with a value of "Derived" in the statement's «authorityStatus» property.

Description

The text of the statement being described.

Education Level

A general statement describing the education or training context. Alternatively, a more specific statement of the location of the audience in terms of its progression through an education or training context. I.e., the grade or grade bands covered by the statement being described.

Exact Alignment

The relevant concepts in both competencies are coextensive.

Has Child

Identifies the child of a statement (establishes the downward path in the chain of statements in a taxon path).

Identifier

An alternative URI by which the resource is identified.

Indexing Status

The indexing status of statement denoting whether correlators should or should not assign the statement during correlation--Values="Yes"/"No".

Is Child Of

The statement being described is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than the statement identified in the «isChildOf» property. The statement identified is a parent of the statement being described (establishes the upward path in the chain of statements in a taxon path.

Is Part Of

The described statement is a physical or logical part of the referenced standards document.

Is Version Of

A related resource of which the described resource is a version, edition, or adaptation.

Language

A language of the statement.

License

A legal document giving official permission to do something with the statement.

List ID

A set of one or more alphanumeric characters and/or symbols denoting the positioning of the statement being described in a sequential listing of statements.

Local Subject

The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency. The local subject may be different from the ASN subject assigned to a statement as an organizing mechanism in the ASN.

Major Alignment

Major overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.

Minor Alignment

Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.

Narrow Alignment

The competency being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as relevant concepts not found in the target competency.

Prerequisite Alignment

The competency being described is a prerequisite to the target competency.

Proficiency Level

The expected performance level of a learner or professional in relationship to a competency.

Rights

Information about rights held in and over the statement.

Rights Holder

A person or organization owning or managing rights over the statement.

Skill Embodied

Cognitive, affective, psychomotor or other skill directly or indirectly embodied in the statement.

Spatial

Spatial characteristic of the statement (e.g. geospatial coordinates).

Statement Label

The textual label identifying the class of the statement as designated by the promulgating body—e.g., "Standard," "Benchmark," "Strand," or "Topic."

Statement Notation

An alphanumeric notation or ID code as defined by the promulgating body to identify the statement.

Subject

The learning area/discipline of the statement being described.

Temporal

Temporal characteristic of a statement (e.g., an historic period).

Weight

An asserted measurement of the weight, degree, percent, or strength of a recommendation, requirement, or comparison.

Learning Resource

Property Label

Context-Specific Definition

Assesses Competency

The competency that the learning resource being described assesses.

Broad Correlation

The competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the learning resource.

Exact Correlation

The relevant concepts in the learning resource and the competency statement are coextensive.

Major Correlation

Major overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.

Minor Correlation

Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.

Narrow Correlation

The learning resource being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency statement as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency.

Prerequisite Competency

A prerequisite competency for the learning resource being described.

Teaches Competency

The competency that the learning resource being described teaches.

ASN Property Declarations

Format of entries: The property declarations summarized in the table above are described in detail in the tables below. The format and content of the property descriptions are set out here:

Property URI

A Uniform Resource Identifier used to identify the property.

Label

A human-readable label assigned to the property (May be represented in different languages.)

Defined By

An identifier of a namespace, pointer to a schema, or bibliographic reference for a document within which the property is defined.

Source Definition

The definition of the property in the namespace in which the property was orginated. (May be represented in different languages.)

Source Comments

Comments on the property from the namespace in which the property orginated. (May be represented in different languages.)

CE ASN Comments

CE ASN Comments on the property including "best practice" information. (May be represented in different languages.)

Type of Term

The grammatical category of the term ("Property", "Class").

Refines

The described property semantically refines the referenced property. A refinement makes the meaning of the element narrower or more specific as defined in the DCMI Abstract Model (http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/). It will share the meaning of the unrefined element but with a more restricted scope.

Property Domain

The domain of the property being defined identifies the class(es) that may be acceptable instances of the subject of RDF statements for the property.

Property Range

The range of the property being defined identifies the class(es) that may be acceptable instances of the object of RDF statements for the property.

Obligation

Indicates whether the element is required to always or sometimes be present. In this application profile the obligation can be: mandatory, mandatory if applicable, strongly recommended , conditional with stated conditions, or optional. Mandatory ensures that some of the elements are always supported and mandatory if applicable means that this element must be supported if the information is available. An element with a mandatory obligation must have a value. The strongly recommended and the optional elements should be filled with a value if the information is appropriate to the given resource but if not, they may be omitted.

Occurrence

Indicates any limit to the repeatability of the element including zero, one to infinity.

Align From

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/alignFrom

Label

Align From

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A standards document or statement from which the statement or document being described is aligned.

CE ASN Comments

An alignment is an assertion of some degree of eqiuvalency between the subject and the object of the assertion.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument) [Document-to-document]

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement) [Statement-to-statement]

Obligation

Mandatory if present

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Align To

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/alignTo

Label

Align To

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A standards document or statement to which the statement or document being described is aligned.

CE ASN Comments

An alignment is an assertion of some degree of eqiuvalency between the subject and the object of the assertion.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument) [Document-to-document]

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement) [Statement-to-statement]

Obligation

Mandatory if present

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Alternative Statement Notation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/altStatementNotation

Label

Alternative Statement Notation

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

An alphanumeric notation or ID code identifying the statement in common use among end-users.

Source Comments

Unlike Statement Notation, Alternative Statement Notation need not be an official identifier created by the promulgating agency. It must be an identifier in common use among end-users of the statement. Alternative Statement Notation should be seldom used and only with a clear demonstration of need (i.e., in common use). For example, in the Common Core State Standards (Math) in the U.S., the official Statement Notation of "CCSS.Math.Content.1.NBT.C.4" is abbreviated in common use by end-users to the unofficial Alternative Statement Notation of "1.NBT.4".

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Undefined

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero to infinity

Assesses Competency

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/assessesCompetency

Label

Assesses Competency

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The competency that the learning resource being described assesses.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Author

Property URI

http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/AUT

Label

Author

Defined By

http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/

Source Definition

A person or organization chiefly responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a work, usually printed text.

CE ASN Comments

If identified, the person(s) or organization(s) chiefly responsible for the intellectual content of the standards document or derived statements. [Language designation required]

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/contributor

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory if present

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Authority Status

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/authorityStatus

Label

Authority Status

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The status of a standards statement denoting whether the statement owes its origin to the promulgating agency of the standards document of which the statement is a member (i.e., value "Original") or to some 3rd party (i.e., value "Derived").

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Broad Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/broadAlignment

Label

Broad Alignment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The target competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency being described.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Broad Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/broadCorrelation

Label

Broad Correlation

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the learning resource.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Comment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/comment

Label

Comment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

Supplemental text provided by the promulgating body that clarifies the nature, scope or use of the statement being described.

Source Comments

Use «comment» when the text provides useful context for the statement.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Undefined

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Comprised Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/comprisedOf

Label

Comprised Of

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The resource being described includes, comprehends or encompass, in whole or in part, the meaning, nature or importance of the resource being referenced.

Source Comments

Deliberately not defining domains and ranges for the property at this time.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

--

Property Range

--

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Concept Keyword

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/conceptKeyword

Label

Concept Keyword

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A word or phrase used by the promulgating agency to refine and differentiate individual statements contextually.

Source Comments

The «conceptKeyword» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the significant topicality of the achievement standard using free-text keywords and phrases derived and assigned by the indexer, e.g., "George Washington", "Ayers Rock", etc. «conceptKeyword» should be used judiciously and in moderation. «conceptKeyword» should be used only if an appropriate term does not exist in a controlled vocabulary.

Note: To express topical values from a controlled vocabulary (e.g., terms drawn from the Australia Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT)), use the property «conceptTerm».

Note: Use «subject» to denote the learning area/discipline of the achievement standard—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

unspecified

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Concept Term

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/conceptTerm

Label

Concept Term

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A term drawn from a controlled vocabulary used by the promulgating agency to refine and differentiate individual statements contextually.

Source Comments

The «conceptTerm» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the topicality of the achievement standard—e.g., "Pythagorean Theorem", "Trigonometric functions", "Forces and energy", "Scientific method", "Oral history" etc. The value of the «conceptTerm» property must be drawn from a controlled vocabulary where concepts have all been assigned URI—e.g., terms drawn from the Australia Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT).

Note: Topic terms can include relevant people, places, things, and events.

Note: To express topical terms using free-text keywords, use the «conceptKeyword» property.

Note: Use «subject» to denote the learning area/discipline of the achievement standard—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Jurisidiction-specific VES encoded in SKOS (e.g., ScOT SKOS encoding)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Created

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/created

Label

Date Created

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

Date of creation of the resource.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

The «creation» date is used for non-canonical statements created by a third party.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Creator

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator

Label

Creator

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

An entity primarily responsible for making the resource.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

«Creator» is used with non-canonical statements created by a third party.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/contributor

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory. Assigned by ASN

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One through Infinity.

Cross Subject Reference

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/crossSubjectReference

Label

Cross Subject Reference

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

An explicit reference by the promulgating agency establishing a relationship between the statement being described and a statement in a separate subject standards document (interdisciplinary statement reference).

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Date Copyrighted

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/dateCopyrighted

Label

Date Copyrighted

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

Date of a statement of copyright.

CE ASN Comments

Recommended best practice for encoding the date value is defined in a profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF] and follows the YYYY-MM-DD format.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation

Mandatory if available

Occurrence

One

Date Valid

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/valid

Label

Date Valid

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

Date (often a range) of validity of a resource.

CE ASN Comments

Where the standard document is valid for a given period of time, that period should be recorded.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation

Mandatory if available

Occurrence

One

Derived From

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/derivedFrom

Label

Derived From

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The URI of a statement from which the statement being described has been derived. The «derivedFrom» property is used by 3rd parties only in derived statements and must appear in conjunction with a value of "Derived" in the statement's «authorityStatus» property.

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Description

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/term/description

Label

Description

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

An account of the content of the standards document.

CE ASN Comments

A description of the standards document. ♦ The text of the statement being described.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One through Infinity. May be repeated for different languages.

Education Level

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/educationLevel

Label

Education Level

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

A general statement describing the education or training context. Alternatively, a more specific statement of the location of the audience in terms of its progression through an education or training context.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

Repeat the <educationLevel> property for each grade in a grade band.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/audience

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory

For U.S. K-12, use the ASN VES: http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/

For non-U.S. education levels, use specific jurisdictional VES

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One through infinity

Exact Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exactAlignment

Label

Exact Alignment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The relevant concepts in both competencies are coextensive.

CE ASN Comments

(See #Competency-to-Competency_Mapping)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Exact Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exactCorrelation

Label

Exact Correlation

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The relevant concepts in the educational resource and the competency are coextensive.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Export Version

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exportVersion

Label

Export Version

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The URI of the ASN export version of the standards file.

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory. Assigned by an ASN repository

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

File Created

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/fileCreated

Label

File Created

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The specific date the ASN standards file was generated by an ASN repository.

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Has Child

Property URI

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/hasChild

Label

Has Child

Defined By

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/

Source Definition

The resource being described is higher in some arbitrary hierarchy than the resource being pointed to by this Relation element.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

Identifies top-level child statements of the standards document being described. ♦ Identifies the child of a statement (establishes the downward path in the chain of statements in a taxon path).

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Mandtory

ccurrence

One through infinity

Identifier

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/identifier

Label

Identifier

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

An alternative URI by which the resource is identified.

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Undefined

Obligation

Mandatory when available

Occurrence

One to infinity

Indexing Status

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/indexingStatus

Label

Indexing Status

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The indexing status of statement denoting whether correlators should or should not assign the statement during correlation--Values="Yes"/"No".

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Is Child Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/isChildOf

Label

Is Child Of

Defined By

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/

Source Definition

The statement being described is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than the statement identified in the «isChildOf» property. The statement identified is a parent of the statement being described.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One to infinity

Is Part Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/isPartOf

Label

Is Part Of

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

The described resource includes the referenced resource either physically or logically.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

The value of the «isPartOf» property is the URI of the Standards Document of which the statement being described is a member.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One to infinity

Is Version Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/isVersionOf

Label

Is Version Of

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

A related resource of which the described resource is a version, edition, or adaptation.

Source Comments

Changes in version imply substantive changes in content rather than differences in format.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Mandatory if present

Occurrence

One

Jurisdiction

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/jurisdiction

Label

Jurisdiction

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A legal, quasi-legal, organizational or institutional domain of the entity mandating the use of the achievement standard--e.g., California, Singapore, NCTM.

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNJurisdiction

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Language

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/language

Label

Language

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

A language of the achievement standards document or statement.

Source Comment

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Syntax Encoding Scheme: http://purl.org/dc/terms/ISO639-3, see http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One through infinity

License

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/license

Label

License

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

A legal document giving official permission to do something with the resource.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/rights

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Value URI for a license is mandatory (e.g., Creative Commons License)

Obligation

Mandatory if available

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

List ID

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/listID

Label

List ID

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A set of one or more alphanumeric characters and/or symbols denoting the positioning of the statement being described in a sequential listing of statements.

CE ASN Comments

A list ID is transcribed exactly as found in the source competency framework--e.g., "A.", "b", "c)", "•".

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal

Obligation

Mandatory if available

Occurrence

One

Local Subject

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/localSubject

Label

Local Subject

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency.

Source Comment

The local subject may (or many not) be the same as the ASN subject. If the local subject and the ASN subject are the same, enter the local subject text string in the «localSubject» property as well as the ASN subject URI in the «subject» property. Language designation required.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory if present

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Major Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/majorAlignment

Label

Major Alignment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

Major overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Major Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/majorCorrelation

Label

Major Correlation

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

Major overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Minor Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/minorAlignment

Label

Minor Alignment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Minor Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/minorCorrelation

Label

Minor Correlation

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Narrow Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/narrowAlignment

Label

Narrow Alignment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The competency being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as relevant concepts not found in the target competency.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Narrow Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/narrowCorrelation

Label

Narrow Correlation

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The learning resource being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency statement as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency.

CE ASN Comments

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Note

Property URI

http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#note

Label

Change Note

Defined By

http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#

Source Definition

A documentation note that describes signification changes, supplies examples, or provides aids to administration.

CE ASN Comments

Language designation required.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Prerequisite Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/prerequisiteAlignment

Label

Prerequisite Alignment

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The competency being described is a prerequisite to the target competency.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Prerequisite Competency

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/prerequisiteCompetency

Label

Prerequisite Competency

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A prerequisite competency for the learning resource being described.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Proficiency Level

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/proficiencyLevel

Label

Proficiency Level

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The expected performance level of a learner or professional in relationship to a competency.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/ProficiencyScale)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Publication Status

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/publicationStatus

Label

Publication Status

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The publication status of the of the standards document--e.g., "Draft", "Published", "Deprecated".

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNPublicationStatus/

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Publisher

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/publisher

Label

Publisher

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/

Source Definition

An entity responsible for making the resource available.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

In the ASN, the promulgating agency of the standards document.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Unspecified [however, ValueURI required]

Obligation

Mandatory if available

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Repository Date

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/repositoryDate

Label

Repository Date

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The date the standards document was added to the ASN repository.

Source Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Rights

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/rights

Label

Rights

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/tems/

Source Definition

Information about rights held in and over the resource.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/elements/1.1/rights

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory if available.

Occurrence

Zero or infinity

Rights Holder

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder

Label

Rights Holder

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

A person or organization owning or managing rights over the standards document.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory if available.

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Skill Embodied

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/skillEmbodied

Label

Original Document

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills directly or indirectly embodied in the statement.

CE ASN Comments

For example, a term from Bloom's Taxonomy.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement);

GEM Learning Resource (http://purl.org/gem/elements/LearningResource)

Property Range

Value URI required.

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity.

Source

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/source

Label

Original Document

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

The achievement standard document from which the ASN representation is derived. ♦ The URI and/or citation of the original achievement standards document.

CE ASN Comments

Source is intended to hold the URL of the source standards document and/or a textual citation for that document.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/relation

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Spatial

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/spatial

Label

Spatial

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

Spatial characteristic of the statement (e.g. geospatial coordinates).

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/coverage

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/Box (DCMI Box)

http://purl.org/dc/terms/ISO3166 ISO 3166

http://purl.org/dc/terms/Point DCMI Point

http://purl.org/dc/terms/TGN TGN

http://sws.geonames.org/ontology Geonames

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One to infinity

Statement Label

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/statementLabel

Label

Statement Label

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

The textual label identifying the class of the statement as designated by the promulgating body—e.g., "Standard," "Benchmark," "Strand," or "Topic."

Source Comments

The «statementLabel» is a class and should not be confused with instances of the class. For example, where two statements in a standards document have been identified respectively by the promulgating agency as "Strand: Rennaisance" and "Strand: Social history", the «statementLabel» for both these statements is "Strand".

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Undefined

Obligation

Mandatory when available

Occurrence

Zero or one

Statement Notation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/statementNotation

Label

Statement Label

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

An alphanumeric notation or ID code as defined by the promulgating body to identify the statement.

Source Comments

Statement notation should be used only for referents created by the promulgating body. For alternative statement notations in common use in the community of practice, but not endorsed by the promulgating body, alternative statement notation can be used sparingly on clear evidence of common use and need.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Undefined

Obligation

Mandatory when available

Occurrence

One

Subject

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Label

Subject

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

The topic of the resource.

Source Comments

--

CE ASN Comments

The «subject» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the learning area/discipline that the achievement standard covers—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc. To express the topicality of an achievement standard—e.g., "Pythagorean Theorem", "George Washington", "Trigonometric functions", etc., use «conceptTerm» for values from controlled vocabularies or «conceptKeyword» for free-text.

The value of the «subject» property must be drawn from a controlled vocabulary where concepts have all been assigned URI.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopics/

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One through infinity

Table of Contents

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/tableOfContents

Label

Table of Contents

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

A list of subunits of the resource.

CE ASN Comments

The table of contents points to a "manfiest", or a hierarchic, ordered, syntactic representation of the statements that are part of the document.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Standard Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Obligation

Mandatory

Occurrence

One

Teaches Competency

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/teachesCompetency

Label

Teaches Competency

Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition

A competency that the learning resource being described teaches.

CE ASN Comments

--

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo

Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Temporal

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/temporal

Label

Temporal

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition

Temporal characteristic of a statement (e.g., an historic period).

CE ASN Comments

Temporal characteristics include those aspects of time that relate to the intellectual content of a statement and not its lifecycle.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/coverage

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-period DCMI Period

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF W3CDTF

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

Zero through infinity

Title

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/title

Label

Title

Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/

Source Definition

A name given to the resource.

CE ASN Comments

The value of the «title» property may be repeated for multiple languages.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Unspecified

Obligation

Mandatory [Document template]

Occurrence

One through infinity

Weight

Property URI

http://purl.org/ctdl/terms/weight

Label

Weight

Defined By

http://purl.org/ctdl/terms/

Source Definition

An asserted measurement of the weight, degree, percent, or strength of a recommendation, requirement, or comparison.

CE ASN Comments

Best practice is to assigned a decimal value weight between 0 and 1 that indicates the strength of the assertion, with 0 being weakest and 1 being strongest.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

--

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

xsd:decimal

Obligation

Optional

Occurrence

One

Language Designations & Dates

To support cross-language interoperability, all textual values in the ASN with the exception of properties with values defined as datatypes (e.g., «copyrightDate») or vocabulary encoding schemes (VES) (e.g., «subject») must have language designations using xml:lang. This includes all free-text values.

Dates should be encoded according to W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 or using full ISO 8601.

Example Partial Encoding

Below are segments of ASN RDF/XML code based on the ASN Application Profile for Minnesota Academic Standards in Science. Segments representing the two entities in the ASN abstract model are provided: the standards document entity and the standards statement entity.

Standards Document

An ASN encoding for the Oklahoma Academic Standards Mathematics standard, contains a single standards document (asn:StandardDocument) RDF description. The standards document is identified by dereferencable URI (http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736). The document description contains URI relating this description to the descriptions of this particular standard's top-level standards statements (gemq:hasChild).

<asn:StandardDocument rdf:about="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736">
 <asn:jurisdiction rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNJurisdiction/OK"/>
 <dc:title xml:lang="en-US">Oklahoma Academic Standards Mathematics</dc:title>
 <dcterms:description xml:lang="en-US">The Oklahoma Academic Standards for Mathematics 2016 specify what students should know and be able to do as learners of mathematics at the end of each grade level or course. Students are held responsible for learning standards listed at earlier grade levels as well as their current grade level. Throughout this document, the standards are written to allow time for study of additional material at every grade level. The order of the standards at any grade level is not meant to imply a sequence of topics and should be considered flexible for the organization of any course. The document provides standards for PK-7, Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II with Algebra I as the pre-requisite for both Geometry and Algebra II.</dcterms:description>
   <dcterms:source rdf:resource="http://sde.ok.gov/sde/sites/ok.gov.sde/files/documents/files/OAS-Math-Final%20Version_2.pdf"/>
   <asn:publicationStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNPublicationStatus/Published"/>
   <asn:repositoryDate rdf:datatype="http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF">2016-03-28</asn:repositoryDate>
   <dcterms:valid rdf:datatype="http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF">2016</dcterms:valid>
   <dcterms:tableOfContents rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736_manifest.json"/>
   <dcterms:subject rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopic/math"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/Pre-K"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/K"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/1"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/2"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/3"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/4"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/5"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/6"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/7"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/8"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/9"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/10"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/11"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/12"/>
   <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng"/>
   <loc:aut xml:lang="en-US">Oklahoma State Department of Education</loc:aut>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738892"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738953"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739068"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739110"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739153"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739202"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739235"/>
</asn:StandardDocument>

Standards Statement

Below are segments to two (2) from many statements (achievement assertions) in the Oklahoma standards document. We have included two related statement descriptions from a single taxon path. Again, each statement description is identified by URI (http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737 and http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738738). Each statement is related to the standards document in which it is embodied by referencing its URI (dcterms:isPartOf) and the second statement being below the first in the taxon path is related to the first statement by URI reference (gemq:isChildOf). The second statement then has the URI references for the child statements in the taxon paths stemming down from it.

Statement #1:

<asn:Statement rdf:about="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737">
   <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736"/>
   <asn:authorityStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/Original"/>
   <asn:indexingStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/No"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/Pre-K"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/K"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/1"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/2"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/3"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/4"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/5"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/6"/>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/7"/>
   <dcterms:subject rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopic/math"/>
   <asn:statementLabel xml:lang="en-US">Strand</asn:statementLabel>
   <dcterms:description xml:lang="en-US">Number & Operations</dcterms:description>
   <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738738"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738742"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738747"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738749"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738758"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738760"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738762"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738764"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738773"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738777"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738780"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738784"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738791"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738798"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738801"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738804"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738809"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738818"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738823"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738826"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738834"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738843"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738845"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738850"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738855"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738860"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738867"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738871"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738876"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738881"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738885"/>
   <gemq:isChildOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736"/>
</asn:Statement>

Statement #2:

<asn:Statement rdf:about="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738738">
   <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736"/>
   <asn:authorityStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/Original"/>
   <asn:indexingStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/Yes"/>
   <asn:statementNotation>PK.N.1</asn:statementNotation>
   <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/Pre-K"/>
   <dcterms:subject rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopic/math"/>
   <asn:statementLabel xml:lang="en-US">Standard</asn:statementLabel>
   <dcterms:description xml:lang="en-US">Know number names and count in sequence.</dcterms:description>
   <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738739"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738740"/>
   <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738741"/>
   <gemq:isChildOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737"/>
</asn:Statement>

Globally Unique Identifiers

ASN globally unique identifiers (GUIDS) are in the form of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI). URI for standards documents and standard statements are opaque. "An opaque identifier is simply one without any trace of embedded meaning .... They are ... as rare within our IT infrastructure as is purity elsewhere in human affairs. But they are also as impervious to bit rot and semantic deterioration as any identifier can be, and hence embody neutral virtue." (http://weibel-lines.typepad.com/weibelines/2006/02/identifier_ideo.html) As a result, ASN URI identifying standards documents and standard statements carry no meaning in terms of the content they identify. ASN URI are intended solely to support machine operations and are meaningless to end users. Where an achievement standard contains express identifiers for specific components of the standard, the ASN data model captures those identifiers and makes them available to consuming applications (see statementNotation above).

Implementation Advisory: To support interoperability, applications should identify ASN standards documents and standard statements at the system level using their full URI. Identifiers derived through truncation eliminating the namespace portion of the URI are not guaranteed to be globally unique.

Mapping Properties Development

Competency-to-Competency Mapping

Decision Questions: Competency Strength-of-Fit

  1. Are the relevant concepts in the competency being described coextensive with the relevant concepts in the target competency? If "yes", assign Exact Alignment; ELSE
  2. Does the competency being described cover all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as other relevant concepts? Is "yes", assign Narrow Alignment; ELSE
  3. Does the target competency cover all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as other relevant concepts? If "yes", assign Broad Alignment; ELSE
  4. Is there a major overlap between the relevant concepts in the competency being described and the relevant concepts of the target competency? If "yes", assign Major Alignment; ELSE
  5. Is there a minor overlap between the relevant concepts in the competency being described and the relevant concepts of the target competency? If "yes", assign Minor Alignment.

Learning Resource-to-Competency Mapping

Decision Questions: Resource Strength-of-Fit

  1. Are the relevant concepts in the learning resource coextensive with the relevant concepts in the competency? If "yes", assign Exact Correlation; ELSE
  2. Does the learning resource cover all of the relevant concepts in the competency as well as other relevant concepts? Is "yes", assign Narrow Correlation; ELSE
  3. Does the competency cover all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource as well as other relevant concepts? If "yes", assign Broad Correlation; ELSE
  4. Is there a major overlap between the relevant concepts of the learning resource and the relevant concepts of the competency? If "yes", assign Major Correlation; ELSE
  5. Is there a minor overlap between the relevant concepts of the learning resource and the relevant concepts of the competency? If "yes", assign Minor Correlation