Credential Transparency Description Language Mapping Guide

Summary

This is the primary schema of the Credential Engine.

Release ID: 20171018
Release Date: 10-18-2017

Available profiles for this schema:

Profiles define constraints for a schema when it is used in a specific context. Select a profile to view its constraints on this schema:

Raw Schema
View this schema with no profile constraints attached.
Credential Engine Registry Profile of CTDL
This is the profile of CTDL used by the Credential Engine Registry.

Classes for this schema:

Select a class to view its properties.

Organizations

Credential Types

Other Key Classes

Additional Classes

Accredit Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent that certifies an entity as meeting a prescribed set of standards.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Advanced Standing Action

Description:
Claim by an agent asserting that the object credential of the action provides advanced standing for a credential under the asserting agent's authority.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Agent

Description:
Organization or person that acts or has the power to act.
Comment:
Broad type that includes both organizations and people who play roles in the lifecycle of a credential.

Properties:

Apprenticeship Certificate

Description:
Credential earned through work-based learning and earn-and-learn models that meet standards and are applicable to industry trades and professions.

Properties:

Approve Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent that pronounces a favorable judgment of a credential.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Assessment

Description:
Direct, indirect, formative, and summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality of an entity, performance, or outcome of an action.

Properties:

Assessment Profile

Description:
Entity that describes the key characteristics of an assessment for a credential.
Comment:
Characteristics described include, but are not limited to, processes for assessment development, maintenance, selection and evaluation as well as assessment examples.
Usage Note:
The ceterms:AssessmentProfile is intended for use in describing stand-alone assessments. Assessments that are a part of a learning opportunity associated with a credential should be described as part the ceterms:LearningOpportunityProfile for that learning opportunity.

Properties:

Associate Degree

Description:
College/university award for students typically completing the first one to two years of post secondary school education.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 5.

Properties:

Bachelor's Degree

Description:
College/university award for students typically completing three to five years of education where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the first one to two years of college/university study.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 6.
Usage Note:
Use for 5-year cooperative (work-study) programs. A cooperative plan provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government; thus, it allows students to combine actual work experience with their college studies. Also includes bachelor's degrees in which the normal 4 years of work are completed in 3 years.

Properties:

Badge

Description:
Recognition designed to be displayed as a marker of accomplishment, activity, achievement, skill, interest, association, or identity.

Properties:

Career Pathway

Description:
Integrated, sequentially ordered collection of credentials, programs, experiences, and services intended to develop technical, academic, and employability skills in a cluster of occupations that share common skills, knowledge, and interests.

Properties:

Certificate

Description:
Credential that designates requisite knowledge and skills of an occupation, profession, or academic program.

Properties:

Certification

Description:
Time-limited, renewable credential awarded by an authoritative body to an individual or organization for demonstrating the designated knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a specific occupation.

Properties:

Competency

Description:
Description of measurable or observable knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary to successful performance of a person in a given context.
Comment:
Competency is broadly defined to include assertions of academic, professional, occupational, vocational and life goals, outcomes, and standards, however labeled.

Properties:

Competency Framework

Description:
Entity comprised of a logically related set of competencies.
Comment:
A competency framework serves a container object for a set of competencies.

Properties:

Condition Manifest

Description:
Set of constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements maintained at the organizational and/or sub-organizational level.
Comment:
These conditions are intended to be referenced by external entities such as individual credentials in order to facilitate the process of their description and to reduce unnecessary duplication of data applicable across an array of entities.

Properties:

Condition Profile

Description:
Entity describing a constraint, prerequisite, entry condition, or requirement.
Comment:
Constraints exist with credentials, learning opportunities, assessments and other entites to which they are subject during their lifecycles.

Properties:

Contact Point

Description:
Means of contacting an organization or its representative.
Comment:
For example, a public relations email address or phone number.

Properties:

Cost Manifest

Description:
Entity that describes a set of costs maintained at, and applicable across the organizational and/or sub-organizational level.
Comment:
Instances of these ceterms:CostManifest entities are intended to be referenced by other entities to augment the process of describing their costs.

Properties:

Cost Profile

Description:
Entity that describes direct costs one would incur if one were to pursue a credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or aspects thereof.

Properties:

Course

Description:
Structured sequence of one or more educational activities that aims to develop a prescribed set of knowledge, competence or ability of learners.

Properties:

Credential

Description:
Qualification, achievement, personal or organizational quality, or aspect of an identity typically used to indicate suitability.
Comment:
The ceterms:Credential class is broadly defined to encompass credentials used across domains and communities of practice. The class should be used only when speaking of credentials in general. Subclasses of ceterms:Credential as defined by Credential Engine (or other communities) should be used when referencing specific types of credentials.

Properties:

Credential Alignment Object

Description:
Entity describing an affiliation or association between an entity such as a credential, learning opportunity or assessment and another entity in a structured framework such as a concept scheme, enumerated list, or competency framework.

Properties:

Credential Assertion

Description:
Representation of a credential awarded to a person.

Properties:

Credential Framework

Description:
Class of all structured sets of conceptual entities intentionally designed for use as value vocabulary terms for description and classification in the credentialing context.
Comment:
The class includes, but is not limited to, subclasses of specialized concept schemes describing industries, occupations, professions, learning contexts and jobs, as well as specialized subject concept schemes, assessment rubrics, proficiency scales, and competency frameworks.

Properties:

Credentialing Action

Description:
Action taken by an agent affecting the status of an object entity.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Credential Organization

Description:
Organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential.

Properties:

CredentialPerson

Description:
Person who plays a role as primary agent in a credentialing action.
Comment:
The ceterms:CredentialPerson class should be used to describe persons directly engaged as primary agent in credentialing actions such as approving, offering, recognizing, renewing and revoking credentials and should not include persons merely affiliated with, or employed by organizations that perform such actions.

Properties:

Degree

Description:
Academic credential conferred upon completion of a program or course of study, typically over multiple years at a college or university.

Properties:

Digital Badge

Description:
Badge offered in digital form.

Properties:

Diploma

Description:
Credential awarded by educational institutions for successful completion of a course of study or its equivalent.

Properties:

Doctoral Degree

Description:
Highest credential award for students who have completed both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree or their equivalent as well as independent research and/or a significant project or paper.
Comment:
Equivalent to UNESCO ISCED, Level 8.

Properties:

Duration Profile

Description:
A resource describing the temporal aspects of a resource.
Comment:
Temporal aspects include exact, minimum, and maximum timeframes of an activity.

Properties:

Earnings Profile

Description:
Entity that describes earning and related statistical information for a given credential.

Properties:

Employment Outcome Profile

Description:
Entity that describes employment outcomes and related statistical information for a given credential.

Properties:

Financial Alignment Object

Description:
An alignment to a financial framework.
Comment:
Examples include, but are not limited to, Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) in the U.S.

Properties:

General Education Development (GED)

Description:
Credential awarded by examination that demonstrates that an individual has acquired secondary school-level academic skills.

Properties:

Geographic Coordinates

Description:
Geographic coordinates of a place or event including latitude and longitude as well as other locational information.

Properties:

Holders Profile

Description:
Entity describing the count and related statistical information of holders of a given credential.

Properties:

Identifier Value

Description:
Alphanumeric Identifier value.
Usage Note:
Where a formal identification system exists for the identifier, recommended best practice is to use a string conforming to that system.

Properties:

Identifier Value Set

Description:
Related set of identifier values.

Properties:

Industry Classification

Description:
Class of of concept schemes defining industries such as NAICS in the U.S. and ESCO in the European Union.

Properties:

Instructional Program Classification

Description:
Class of concept schemes defining instructional program types such as the CIP codes in the U.S.
Usage Note:
Class of concept schemes defining types

Properties:

Journeyman Certificate

Description:
Credential awarded to skilled workers on successful completion of an apprenticeship in industry trades and professions.

Properties:

Jurisdiction Profile

Description:
Geo-political information about applicable geographic areas and their exceptions.

Properties:

Learning Opportunity

Description:
Structured and unstructured learning and development opportunities based in direct experience, formal and informal study, observation, and involvement in discourse and practice.
Comment:
Examples of learning opportunities include education and training programs and classes, courses of study, apprenticeship or work experience programs, or other structured experiences intended to serve as educational or training events.
Usage Note:
Classes of learning opportunities defined in other namespaces such as schema.org/Course may be declared as equivaleny or subclasses of ceterms:LearningOpportunity to support their discovery through applications processing CTDL data.

Properties:

Learning Opportunity Profile

Description:
Entity describing a learning opportunity.
Comment:
Educational opportunities include required and optional programs, courses of study, and other structured experiences intended to serve as educational or training events.

Properties:

Learning Resource

Description:
Entity that is used as part of an learning activity (e.g. a textbook) or that describes (e.g. a lesson plan) or records the educational activity (e.g. an audio- or video-recording of a lesson).

Properties:

License

Description:
Credential awarded by a government agency that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job and/or utilize a specific item, system or infrastructure and are typically earned through some combination of degree or certificate attainment, certifications, assessments, work experience, and/or fees, and are time-limited and must be renewed periodically.

Properties:

Master Certificate

Description:
Credential awarded upon demonstration through apprenticeship of the highest level of skills and performance in industry trades and professions.

Properties:

Master's Degree

Description:
Credential awarded for a graduate level course of study where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the bachelor's degree or its equivalent.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 7.

Properties:

Micro-Credential

Description:
Credential that addresses a subset of field-specific knowledge, skills, or competencies; often developmental with relationships to other micro-credentials and field credentials.

Properties:

Occupation Classification

Description:
Class of concept schemes identifying occupations such as the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system in the U.S. and the European Skills/Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO).

Properties:

Offer Action

Description:
Action by an authoritative agent offering access to a entity such as a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Open Badge

Description:
Visual symbol containing verifiable claims in accordance with the Open Badges specification and delivered digitally.

Properties:

Postal Address

Description:
Entity describing a mailing address.

Properties:

Process Profile

Description:
Entity describing the type, nature, and other relevant information about a process related to a credential.

Properties:

Professional Doctorate

Description:
Doctoral degree conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.

Properties:

QA Credential Organization

Description:
Quality assurance organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential, learning program, or assessment.

Properties:

Quality Assurance Credential

Description:
Credential assuring that an organization, program, or awarded credential meets prescribed requirements and may include development and administration of qualifying examinations.

Properties:

Recognize Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent acknowledging the validity of a resource.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Regulate Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent enforcing the legal requirements of a resource.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Renew Action

Description:
Action by an agent renewing an existing credential assertion.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Research Doctorate

Description:
Doctoral degree conferred for advanced work beyond the master level, including the preparation and defense of a thesis or dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.

Properties:

Revocation Profile

Description:
Entity describing conditions and methods by which a credential can be removed from a holder.

Properties:

Revoke Action

Description:
Action by an agent removing an awarded credential (credential assertion) from the credential holder based on violations or failure of the holder to renew.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Rights Action

Description:
Action asserting legal rights by an agent to possess, defend, transfer, license, and grant conditional access to a credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.

Properties:

Secondary School Diploma

Description:
Diploma awarded by secondary education institutions for successful completion of a secondary school program of study.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011 Levels 2 or 3.

Properties:

Task Profile

Description:
Entity describing the required or recommended tasks to be performed by a holder of, or applicant for, a credential.

Properties:

Verification Service Profile

Description:
Entity describing the means by which someone can verify whether a credential has been attained.
Comment:
Includes, but is not limited to, verification of whether quality assurance credentials have been issued for organizations, learning opportunities, and assessments.

Properties:

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.

Resulting Award

Description:
Awarded credential resulting from an action.
Comment:
An awarded credential is of the type ceterms:CredentialAssertion.

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Value Type:

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.

Resulting Award

Description:
Awarded credential resulting from an action.
Comment:
An awarded credential is of the type ceterms:CredentialAssertion.

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.

Resulting Award

Description:
Awarded credential resulting from an action.
Comment:
An awarded credential is of the type ceterms:CredentialAssertion.

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Assesses

Description:
Competency evaluated through the assessment.

Assessment Example

Description:
Example assessment or assessment item.
Value Type:

Assessment Example Description

Description:
Text of an example assessment or assessment item.
Value Type:

Assessment Method Type

Description:
Type of method used to conduct an assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:AssessmentMethod vocabulary.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Assessment Method Concept Scheme:

Assessment Output

Description:
Description of the assessment artifact, performance or examination.
Value Type:

Assessment Use Type

Description:
Type of intended use of the assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:AssessmentUse vocabulary.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Assessment Use Concept Scheme:

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credit Hour Type

Description:
Type of unit of time corresponding to type of credit such as semester hours, quarter hours, clock hours, or hours of participation.
Value Type:

Credit Hour Value

Description:
Number of credit hours awarded for successful completion of a learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Credit Unit Type

Description:
Type of credit associated with both degree and non-degree learning opportunities; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use concepts from a controlled vocabulary such as ceterms:CreditUnit.

Credit Unit Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of credit unit type.
Value Type:

Credit Unit Value

Description:
Number of either credit units awarded for college credit or continuing education units for successful completion of the learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Delivery Type

Description:
Type of means by which a learning opportunity or assessment is delivered to credential seekers and by which they interact; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use concepts from a controlled vocabulary such as the ceterms:DeliveryType vocabulary.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Delivery Type Concept Scheme:

Delivery Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of the delivery type of an assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Entry Condition

Description:
Prerequisites for entry into a credentialing program, a learning opportunity or an assessment including transcripts, records of previous experience, and lower-level learning opportunities.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

External Research

Description:
Research that supports or validates one or more aspects of the entity.
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Has Group Evaluation

Description:
Whether or not the assessment activity is scored as a group.
Value Type:

Has Group Participation

Description:
Whether or not two or more participants are required to complete the assessment activity.
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Instructional Program Classification Concept Scheme.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Is Proctored

Description:
Whether or not the assessment is supervised or monitored by an agent.
Comment:
Such supervision or proctoring includes: (1) guaranteeing of the identities of the examinees; (2) the conditions of the examination including instructions, time, materials, equipment and completion, and (3) completed without unauthorized assistance.
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Scoring Method Description

Description:
Textual description of the method used to score the assessment.
Value Type:

Scoring Method Example

Description:
Webpage or online document providing an example of the method or tool used to score the assessment.
Value Type:

Scoring Method Example Description

Description:
Textual example of the method or tool used to score the assessment.
Value Type:

Scoring Method Type

Description:
Type of method used to score the assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for U.S. credentials and for submission to the Credential Engine Registry, is to use concepts from the ceterms:ScoringMethod vocabulary.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Scoring Method Concept Scheme:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Target Assessment

Description:
Assessment that provides direct, indirect, formative or summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality for an entity.

Verification Method Description

Description:
Textual description of the methods used to evaluate an assessment, learning opportunity, process or verificaiton service for validity or reliability.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Condition Manifest Of

Description:
Organization maintaining the condition manifest.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Entry Condition

Description:
Prerequisites for entry into a credentialing program, a learning opportunity or an assessment including transcripts, records of previous experience, and lower-level learning opportunities.
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Alternative Condition

Description:
Constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirementst in a context where more than one alternative condition or path has been defined and from which any one path fulfills the parent condition.
Comment:
A set of alternative conditions are not necessarily mutually exclusive paths; for example, a set of alternative concentrations for a degree may allow a person to optionally complete more than one concentration even though only one is required to earn the degree.

Asserted By

Description:
Agent making a statement based on fact or belief.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Audience Type

Description:
Type of credential seeker for whom the particular condition or cost is applicable; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Condition

Description:
Single constraint, prerequisite, entry condition, requirement, or cost.
Value Type:

Credit Hour Type

Description:
Type of unit of time corresponding to type of credit such as semester hours, quarter hours, clock hours, or hours of participation.
Value Type:

Credit Hour Value

Description:
Number of credit hours awarded for successful completion of a learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Credit Unit Type

Description:
Type of credit associated with both degree and non-degree learning opportunities; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use concepts from a controlled vocabulary such as ceterms:CreditUnit.

Credit Unit Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of credit unit type.
Value Type:

Credit Unit Value

Description:
Number of either credit units awarded for college credit or continuing education units for successful completion of the learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Experience

Description:
Amount and nature of required work, experiential learning or other relevant experience.
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Minimum Age

Description:
Minimum allowed age at which a person is eligible for the credential.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Resident Of

Description:
Geographic or political region of which a person must be a legal resident or citizen in order to be eligible for the credential.
Comment:
Residency defines the duration of stay required by national, state, provincial or local laws that entitles a person to the legal protection and benefits provided to the applicable type.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Submission Of

Description:
Artifact to be submitted such as a transcript, portfolio, or an affidavit.
Value Type:

Target Assessment

Description:
Assessment that provides direct, indirect, formative or summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality for an entity.

Target Competency

Description:
A competency relevant to the condition being described.

Target Learning Opportunity

Description:
Learning opportunity that is the focus of a condition, process or another learning opportunity.
Description:
Measurement of the weight, degree, percent, or strength of a recommendation, requirement, or comparison.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to assigned a decimal value weight between 0 and 1 that indicates the strength of the assertion, with 0 being weakest and 1 being strongest.
Value Type:

Years of Experience

Description:
Years of relevant experience.
Usage Note:
Non-integer year values may be expressed as point value, for example, 0.25, 1.5, etc.
Value Type:

Contact Option

Description:
Option for a toll-free number or support for hearing-impaired callers.
Value Type:

Contact Type

Description:
Text identifying the type of service provided by an organizational contact.
Comment:
A person or organization may have different contact points for different services. The contact type property provides for adding text to identity the service; e.g., "toll-free number" or "support for hearing-impaired callers".
Value Type:
Description:
Email address of the organization or person.
Value Type:

Fax Number

Description:
Fax number.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Social Media

Description:
Social media access point for an agent or an agent's contact point.
Value Type:

Telephone

Description:
Telephone number.
Value Type:

Cost Details

Description:
Webpage or online document containing human-readable, in-depth information about costs.
Value Type:

Cost Manifest Of

Description:
Organization maintaining the cost manifest.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Value Type:

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Value Type:

Audience Type

Description:
Type of credential seeker for whom the particular condition or cost is applicable; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.

Condition

Description:
Single constraint, prerequisite, entry condition, requirement, or cost.
Value Type:

Cost Details

Description:
Webpage or online document containing human-readable, in-depth information about costs.
Value Type:

Currency

Description:
Currency in which the monetary amount is expressed in 3-letter ISO 4217 format such as "USD".
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Direct Cost Type

Description:
Types of direct costs associated with attaining the credential; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Cost vocabulary.

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Payment Pattern

Description:
Applicable pattern for payments such as "per sementer" and "every three months".
Value Type:
Description:
Offer price of a credential, learning resource, assessment, related activity or resource.
Value Type:
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Residency Type

Description:
Type of legal residency status of a person; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Comment:
Residency defines the duration of stay required by national, state, provincial or local laws that entitles a person to the legal protection and benefits provided to the applicable type.
Usage Note:
Best practice for U.S. credentials and for submission to the Credential Engine Registry, is to use concepts from the ceterms:Residency vocabulary.
Vocabulary:

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
Delete

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Industry Classification Concept Scheme.

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
Credential reduces time or cost of another credential.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Value Type:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the O*Net. Other credentials may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification such s the EU's ESCO.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Occupation Classification Concept Scheme.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.

Alignment Date

Description:
The date the alignment was made.
Value Type:

Alignment Type

Description:
Type of relationship between two entities.
Comment:
In CTDL, the alignment type value is definitively identified by the property for which the AlignmentObject is the rdfs:range; therefore, use of this property is generally redundant.
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Value Type:

Framework URL

Description:
Credential framework to which the entity is aligned.
Comment:
Frameworks may include, but are not limited to, competency frameworks and concept schemes such as industry, occupation, and instructional program codes.
Value Type:

Framework Name

Description:
Name of the framework.
Value Type:

Target Node

Description:
Individual entry in a formally defined framework such as a competency or an industry, instructional program, or occupation code.
Value Type:

Target Description

Description:
Textual description of an individual concept or competency in a formally defined framework.
Value Type:

Target Node Name

Description:
Name of an individual concept or competency in a formally defined framework.
Value Type:
Description:
Measurement of the weight, degree, percent, or strength of a recommendation, requirement, or comparison.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to assigned a decimal value weight between 0 and 1 that indicates the strength of the assertion, with 0 being weakest and 1 being strongest.
Value Type:

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.

Resulting Award

Description:
Awarded credential resulting from an action.
Comment:
An awarded credential is of the type ceterms:CredentialAssertion.

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization or learning opportunity.

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.

Address

Description:
Particulars describing the location of the place.
Value Type:

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.

Agent Purpose

Description:
Organization's primary purpose as found on an "about" page of a website.
Value Type:

Agent Purpose Description

Description:
Short, key phrases describing the primary purpose of an organization as might be derived from the "about" page of it's website.
Value Type:

Agent Sector Type

Description:
Type of sociological, economic, or political subdivision served by an organization; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Recommended best practice for credentials in the Credential Engine Registry is to use concepts from the ceterms:AgentSector vocabulary.
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Agent Sector Concept Scheme:

Agent Type

Description:
Type of organization such as educational institution, credentialing organization or quality assurance body; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:OrganizationType vocabulary.