Credential Transparency Description Language (CTDL): Types List

The information below is based on live, in-progress draft documentation of credentials and related properties and classes.

The information is intended solely for discussion and may change at any time.

Credential Types

Badge (terms:Badge)
A recognition designed to be displayed as a marker of accomplishment, activity, achievement, skill, interest, association, or identity.
Digital Badge (term:DigitalBadge)
A badge offered in digital form.
Open Badge (terms:OpenBadge)
An Open Badge is a visual symbol containing verifiable claims in accordance with the Open Badges specification and delivered digitally.
Certificate (terms:Certificate)
A credential that designates requisite mastery of the knowledge and skills of an occupation, profession, or academic program.
Apprenticeship Certificate (terms:ApprenticeshipCertificate)
A credential earned through work-based learning and postsecondary earn-and-learn models that meet national standards and are applicable to industry trades and professions.
Journeyman Certificate (terms:JourneymanCertificate)
A credential awarded to skilled workers on successful completion of an apprenticeship in industry trades and professions.
Master Certificate (terms:MasterCertificate)
A credential awarded upon demonstration through apprenticeship of the the highest level of skills and performance in industry trades and professions.
Certification (terms:Certification)
A time-limited, renewable non-degree credential awarded by an authoritative body to an individual or organization for demonstrating the designated knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a specific job.
Degree (term:Degree)
An academic credential conferred upon completion of a program or course of study, typically over multiple years at postsecondary education institutions.
Associate Degree (terms:AssociateDegree)
An award level that normally requires at least 2 but less than 4 years of full-time equivalent college-level work.
Bachelor's Degree (terms:BachelorDegree)
An award level that normally requires at least 4 but not more than 5 years of full-time equivalent college-level work.
Doctoral Degree (terms:DoctoralDegree)
The highest award level to be earned for postsecondary study.
Professional Doctorate (terms:ProfessionalDoctorate)
A doctoral degree conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice.
Research Doctorate (terms:ResearchDoctorate)
A doctoral degree conferred for advanced work beyond the master level, including the preparation and defense of a thesis or dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement.
Master's Degree (terms:MasterDegree)
An award level that requires the successful completion of a program of study of at least the full-time equivalent of 1 but not more than 2 academic years of work beyond the bachelor's degree.
Diploma (term:Diploma)
A credential awarded by educational institutions for successfully completion of a course of study or its equivalent.
General Education Development (GED) (terms:GeneralEducationDevelopment)
A credential awarded by examination that demonstrates that an individual has acquired secondary school-level academic skills.
Secondary School Diploma (terms:SecondarySchoolDiploma)
A diploma awarded by secondary education institutions for successful completion of a secondary school program typically lasting four years.
License (terms:License)
A credential awarded by a government agency that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job and/or utilize a specific item, system or infrastructure and are typically earned through some combination of degree or certificate attainment, certifications, assessments, work experience, and/or fees, and are time-limited and must be renewed periodically.
Micro-Credential (terms:terms)
A credential that attests to achievement of a specific knowledge, skill, or competency.
Quality Assurance Credential (terms:QualityAssuranceCredential)
A credential assuring that an organization, program, or awarded credential meets prescribed requirements and may include development and administration of qualifying examinations.

Organization Types

Assessment Body (AssessmentBody)
Primarily offers access to assessments for credentials as a service.
Business (Business)
An organization that primarily sells products or services and employs one or more individuals.
Business or Industry Association (BusinessAssociation)
A membership organization primarily engaged in promoting the interests of their business members and providing them with services that may involve the provision of education and credentialing services.
Certification Body (CertificationBody)
An independent, third-party organization that operates a certification program. A certification body may or may not be governmental, and may or may not have regulatory authority.
Government Agency (Government)
An organization in the public sector at the federal, state or local levels.
Labor Union (LaborUnion)
A membership organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members' interests in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions.
Military (Military)
The armed services of a government entity.
Postsecondary Educational Institution (Postsecondary)
An organization such as a college or university: (1) whose sole purpose is to provide postsecondary education defined as the provision of a formal instructional program whose curriculum is designed primarily for students who are beyond the compulsory age for high school and (2) has the authority to award degrees. This includes programs whose purpose is academic, vocational, and continuing professional education.
Four-Year College (FourYear)
Authorized postsecondary institution that primarily offers bachelor or higher degrees, but may also award associate degrees.
Two-Year College (TwoYear)
Authorized postsecondary institution that primarily offers associate degrees, but may also award higher degrees.
Primarily Online (PrimarilyOnline)
An organization that primarily operates online.
Professional Association (ProfessionalAssociation)
A membership organization serving a profession that requires a significant amount of education, training, or experience or a license or certificate from a state or private authority to practice the profession. This organization normally sets requirements for entry into and maintaining membership in that profession that may involve the holding of recognized credentials.
Quality Assurance Body (QualityAssurance)
External body that performs accreditation, endorsement, approval, and/or recognition of a credential issuer.
Secondary School (SecondarySchool)
A secondary school primarily providing education to students at the ninth grade or higher.
Alternative/Non-Traditional School (NonTraditional)
A secondary (i.e., high school) that: 1) addresses needs of students which cannot typically be met in a regular school; 2) provides nontraditional education; 3) falls outside of the categories of regular, magnet/special program emphasis, or career and technical education.
High School (HighSchool)
A secondary school providing instruction and educational services that do not focus primarily on career and technical education or alternative education.
Magnet/Competitive Admissions School (Magnet)
A public school offering special instruction and programs not available elsewhere, designed to attract a more diverse student body from throughout a school district.
Education and Training Provider (TrainingProvider)
An organization whose major purpose is to provide education and training services but is not a postsecondary education institution with the authority to award degrees.
Vendor (Vendor)
Sells, maintains, and issues credentials for its own products and services for public access and use.