Credential Transparency Description Language Mapping Guidance

Release 20220729
This page displays the Credential Transparency Description Language schema in an object-oriented format. Below you will find every class for this schema, each with a thorough description and a list of properties for that class. Where applicable, properties that leverage concept schemes (controlled vocabularies) will also show the available concepts for those schemes.
The purpose of this page is to make it easier for your team to map your schema and your data (your classes and properties) to the CTDL classes and properties.
For an RDF-centric view of this schema, use the Terms page.
This page exists for the following schemas:

This is the primary schema of the Credential Engine.

Release ID: 20220729
Release Date: 7/29/2022

Available profiles for this schema:

Profiles define constraints (such as required properties, which properties allow multiple values, etc.) for a schema when it is used in a specific context. Select a profile to view its constraints on this schema:
Raw Schema
View this schema with no profile constraints attached.
Credential Engine Registry Profile of CTDL
This is the profile of CTDL used by the Credential Engine Registry.

Download This Schema:

To download the entire schema, use one of these links. To download just a specific class, select the class below and use the links in the download section for that class.

Classes for Credential Transparency Description Language:

Select a class to view its properties.

Organizations

Credential Types

Other Key Classes

Additional Classes

Accredit Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent that certifies an entity as meeting a prescribed set of standards.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Advanced Standing Action

Description:
Claim by an agent asserting that the object credential of the action provides advanced standing for a credential under the asserting agent's authority.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Aggregate Data Profile

Description:
Resource containing summary statistical data.
Usage Note:
To express more complex data, use qdata:DataSetProfile.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Alignment Map

Description:
An entity comprised of a set of alignment or mapping assertions between two existing entities such as mapping a certificate providing advanced standing to a degree.
Comment:
Alignment maps provide the means for parties to assert sets of alignments between already existing entities created by themselves or other parties--e.g., a 3rd party mapping of a learning resource owned by one party to a credential owned by another; or, mapping a military occupational experience or Military Occupational Specialty (MOS code) as advanced standing to a course or credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Apprenticeship Certificate

Description:
Credential earned through work-based learning and earn-and-learn models that meet standards and are applicable to industry trades and professions.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Approve Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent that pronounces a favorable judgment of a credential.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Assessment Component

Description:
Resource that identifies a direct, indirect, formative, and summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality of a resource, performance, or outcome of an action.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Assessment Profile

Description:
Entity that describes the key characteristics of an assessment for a credential.
Comment:
Characteristics described include, but are not limited to, processes for assessment development, maintenance, selection and evaluation as well as assessment examples.
Usage Note:
The ceterms:AssessmentProfile is intended for use in describing stand-alone assessments. Assessments that are a part of a learning opportunity associated with a credential should be described as part the ceterms:LearningOpportunityProfile for that learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Associate Degree

Description:
College/university award for students typically completing the first one to two years of post secondary school education.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 5.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Bachelor's Degree

Description:
College/university award for students typically completing three to five years of education where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the first one to two years of college/university study.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 6.
Usage Note:
Use for 5-year cooperative (work-study) programs. A cooperative plan provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government; thus, it allows students to combine actual work experience with their college studies. Also includes bachelor's degrees in which the normal 4 years of work are completed in 3 years.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Badge

Description:
Recognition designed to be displayed as a marker of accomplishment, activity, achievement, skill, interest, association, or identity.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Basic Component

Description:
Resource that identifies a resource not otherwise covered by the enumerated PathwayComponent subclasses.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Certificate

Description:
Credential that designates requisite knowledge and skills of an occupation, profession, or academic program.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Certificate of Completion

Description:
Credential that acknowledges completion of an assignment, training or other activity.
Comment:
A record of the activity may or may not exist, and the credential may or may not be designed as preparation for another resource such as a credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Certification

Description:
Time-limited, revocable, renewable credential awarded by an authoritative body for demonstrating the knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform specific tasks or an occupation.
Comment:
Certifications can typically be revoked if not renewed, for a violation of a code of ethics (if applicable) or proven incompetence after due process. Description of revocation criteria for a specific Certification should be defined using Revocation Profile.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Cocurricular Component

Description:
Resource that identifies an activity, program, or informal learning experience such as a civic or service activity that supplements and complements the curriculum.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Collection

Description:
Aggregation of related resources.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Collection Member

Description:
Provides information about the membership of a resource in a Collection.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular collection so that the relationships between them and the collection can be stated without implying that those relationships are true in other contexts.
Usage Note:
The data recorded for a Collection Member should refer to the membership of the resource in a Collection.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Competency Component

Description:
Resource that identifies a measurable or observable knowledge, skill, or ability necessary to successful performance of a person in a given context.
Comment:
Competency is broadly defined to include assertions of academic, professional, occupational, vocational and life goals, outcomes, and standards, however labeled. Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Component Condition

Description:
Resource that describes what must be done to complete a PathwayComponent, or part thereof, as determined by the issuer of the Pathway.
Comment:
A ComponentCondition references a single RuleSet defining appropriate values fulfilling the condition.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Condition Manifest

Description:
Set of constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements maintained at the organizational and/or sub-organizational level.
Comment:
These conditions are intended to be referenced by external entities such as individual credentials in order to facilitate the process of their description and to reduce unnecessary duplication of data applicable across an array of entities.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Condition Profile

Description:
Entity describing a constraint, prerequisite, entry condition, or requirement.
Comment:
Constraints exist with credentials, learning opportunities, assessments and other entites to which they are subject during their lifecycles.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Constraint

Description:
Resource that identifies the parameters defining a limitation or restriction applicable to candidate pathway components.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Contact Point

Description:
Means of contacting an organization or its representative.
Comment:
For example, a public relations email address or phone number.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Cost Manifest

Description:
Entity that describes a set of costs maintained at, and applicable across the organizational and/or sub-organizational level.
Comment:
Instances of these ceterms:CostManifest entities are intended to be referenced by other entities to augment the process of describing their costs.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Cost Profile

Description:
Entity that describes direct costs one would incur if one were to pursue a credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or aspects thereof.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Course

Description:
Single structured sequence of one or more educational activities that aims to develop a prescribed set of competencies of learners.
Comment:
Course is distinct from Program, which aggregates several courses.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Course Component

Description:
Resource that identifies a structured sequence of one or more learning activities that aims to develop a prescribed set of knowledge, skill, or ability of learners.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Credential

Description:
Qualification, achievement, personal or organizational quality, or aspect of an identity typically used to indicate suitability.
Comment:
The ceterms:Credential class is broadly defined to encompass credentials used across domains and communities of practice. The class should be used only when speaking of credentials in general. Subclasses of ceterms:Credential as defined by Credential Engine (or other communities) should be used when referencing specific types of credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Credential Alignment Object

Description:
Entity describing an affiliation or association between an entity such as a credential, learning opportunity or assessment and another entity in a structured framework such as a concept scheme, enumerated list, or competency framework.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Credential Component

Description:
Resource that identifies another resource that describes qualification, achievement, personal or organizational quality, or aspect of an identity typically used to indicate suitability.
Comment:
The ceterms:Credential class is broadly defined to encompass credentials used across domains and communities of practice. Subclasses of ceterms:Credential as defined by Credential Engine (or other communities) should be referenced. Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Credentialing Action

Description:
Action taken by an agent affecting the status of an object entity.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Credential Organization

Description:
Organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential.
Usage Note:
For organizations that are not a Credential Organization or a QA Credential Organization, use ceterms:Organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

CredentialPerson

Description:
Person who plays a role as primary agent in a credentialing action.
Comment:
The ceterms:CredentialPerson class should be used to describe persons directly engaged as primary agent in credentialing actions such as approving, offering, recognizing, renewing and revoking credentials and should not include persons merely affiliated with, or employed by organizations that perform such actions.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Degree

Description:
Academic credential conferred upon completion of a program or course of study, typically over multiple years at a college or university.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Digital Badge

Description:
Badge offered in digital form.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Diploma

Description:
Credential awarded by educational institutions for successful completion of a course of study or its equivalent.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Doctoral Degree

Description:
Highest credential award for students who have completed both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree or their equivalent as well as independent research and/or a significant project or paper.
Comment:
Equivalent to UNESCO ISCED, Level 8.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Duration Profile

Description:
Entity describing the temporal aspects of a resource.
Comment:
Temporal aspects include exact, minimum, and maximum timeframes of an activity.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Earnings Profile

Description:
Entity that describes earning and related statistical information for a given credential.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:AggregateDataProfile instead of this class is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Employment Outcome Profile

Description:
Entity that describes employment outcomes and related statistical information for a given credential.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:AggregateDataProfile instead of this class is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Extracurricular Component

Description:
Resource that identifies an activity, program, or informal learning experience that may be offered or provided by a school, college, or other organization that is not connected to a curriculum.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Financial Assistance Profile

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance that is offered or available.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

General Education Development (GED)

Description:
Credential awarded by examination that demonstrates that an individual has acquired secondary school-level academic skills.
Comment:
Equivalent to a secondary school diploma, based on passing a state- or province-selected examination such as GED, HiSET, or TASC; or to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011 Levels 2 or 3.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Geographic Coordinates

Description:
Geographic coordinates of a place or event including latitude and longitude as well as other locational information.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Holders Profile

Description:
Entity describing the count and related statistical information of holders of a given credential.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:AggregateDataProfile instead of this class is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Identifier Value

Description:
Means of identifying a resource, typically consisting of an alphanumeric token and a context or scheme from which that token originates.
Usage Note:
Where a formal identification system exists for the identifier, recommended best practice is to use a string conforming to that system.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Job

Description:
Set of responsibilities based on work roles within an occupation as defined by an employer.
Comment:
Job describes an abstraction or template that specific job postings or openings could be instances of.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Job Component

Description:
Resource that identifies a work position, employment, or occupation.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Journeyman Certificate

Description:
Credential awarded to skilled workers on successful completion of an apprenticeship in industry trades and professions.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Jurisdiction Profile

Description:
Geo-political information about applicable geographic areas and their exceptions.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Learning Opportunity Profile

Description:
Entity describing an educational or training opportunity.
Comment:
Opportunities include formal and informal educational training programs and classes, apprenticeship or work experience programs, or other structured or unstructured experiences that serve as educational or training activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Learning Program

Description:
Set of learning opportunities that leads to an outcome, usually a credential like a degree or certificate.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

License

Description:
Credential awarded by a government agency or other authorized organization that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job and/or utilize a specific item, system or infrastructure and are typically earned through some combination of degree or certificate attainment, certifications, assessments, work experience, and/or fees, and are time-limited and must be renewed periodically.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Master Certificate

Description:
Credential awarded upon demonstration through apprenticeship of the highest level of skills and performance in industry trades and professions.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Master's Degree

Description:
Credential awarded for a graduate level course of study where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the bachelor's degree or its equivalent.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 7.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Micro-Credential

Description:
Credential that addresses a subset of field-specific knowledge, skills, or competencies; often developmental with relationships to other micro-credentials and field credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Occupation

Description:
Profession, trade, or career field that may involve training and/or a formal qualification.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Offer Action

Description:
Action by an authoritative agent offering access to a entity such as a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Open Badge

Description:
Visual symbol containing verifiable claims in accordance with the Open Badges specification and delivered digitally.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Organization

Description:
An entity such as an association, company, corporation, club, co-operative, labor union etc.
Usage Note:
Use for organizations that are not a Credential Organization or a QACredential Organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Pathway

Description:
Resource composed of a structured set of PathwayComponents defining points along a route to fulfillment of a goal or objective.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Pathway Set

Description:
A roadmap of multiple related pathways that lead to one or more destinations.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Place

Description:
Entity describing a physical location or geospatial area.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Postal Address

Description:
Entity describing a mailing address.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Process Profile

Description:
Entity describing the type, nature, and other relevant information about a process related to a credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Professional Doctorate

Description:
Doctoral degree conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

QA Credential Organization

Description:
Quality assurance organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential, learning program, or assessment.
Usage Note:
For organizations that are not a QA Credential Organization or a Credential Organization, use ceterms:Organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Quality Assurance Credential

Description:
Credential assuring that an organization, program, or awarded credential meets prescribed requirements and may include development and administration of qualifying examinations.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Recognize Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent acknowledging the validity of a resource.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Regulate Action

Description:
Action by an independent, neutral, and authoritative agent enforcing the legal requirements of a resource.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Renew Action

Description:
Action by an agent renewing an existing credential assertion.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Research Doctorate

Description:
Doctoral degree conferred for advanced work beyond the master level, including the preparation and defense of a thesis or dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Revocation Profile

Description:
Entity describing conditions and methods by which a credential can be removed from a holder.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Revoke Action

Description:
Action by an agent removing an awarded credential (credential assertion) from the credential holder based on violations or failure of the holder to renew.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Rights Action

Description:
Action asserting legal rights by an agent to possess, defend, transfer, license, and grant conditional access to a credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Comment:
Since an instance of ceterms:CredentialingAction is a claim that a certain agent has taken the action being described, creation of such a ceterms:CredentialingAction should be reserved to the agent of that action.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Scheduled Offering

Description:
Offering of a Learning Opportunity or Assessment with a schedule associated with a specified location or modality.
Comment:
Provides data specific to a given scheduled offering; the Learning Opportunity (including Course and Learning Program) or Assessment being offered provides all data that is shared between different offerings.
Usage Note:
Rather than repeating data, only use this class if the data differs from the data provided by the resource for which this is an offer.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Secondary School Diploma

Description:
Diploma awarded by secondary education institutions for successful completion of a secondary school program of study.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011 Levels 2 or 3.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Task

Description:
Specific activity, typically related to performing a function or achieving a goal.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Transfer Intermediary

Description:
Surrogate resource to which other resources are mapped in order to indicate their common transferability.
Usage Note:
Used when multiple resources such as courses are grouped together to indicate they have mutually agreed upon transfer value.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Transfer Value Profile

Description:
Description of transfer value of a resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Value Profile

Description:
A description of value awarded for, required by, or otherwise related to the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Verification Service Profile

Description:
Entity describing the means by which someone can verify whether a credential has been attained.
Comment:
Includes, but is not limited to, verification of whether quality assurance credentials have been issued for organizations, learning opportunities, and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Work Experience Component

Description:
Resource describing an activity or training through which a person gains job experience.
Comment:
Instances act as proxies or stand-ins for other resources in the context of a particular pathway so that relationships between them as components of that pathway can be stated without implying that the those relationships are true of the resources in other contexts.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Workforce Demand Action

Description:
Action taken by an agent asserting that the resource being described has a workforce demand level worthy of note.
Status:
vs:unstable

Properties:

Work Role

Description:
Collection of tasks and competencies that embody a particular function in one or more jobs.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Quantitative Value

Description:
A point value or interval for product characteristics and other purposes.
Usage Note:
Use in CTDL to describe quantitative values such as minimum and maximum credits or credit hours, etc.
Status:
vs:stable

Properties:

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.
Status:
vs:stable

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Action Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.
Status:
vs:stable

Resulting Award

Description:
Awarded credential resulting from an action.
Comment:
An awarded credential is of the type ceterms:CredentialAssertion.
Status:
vs:stable

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.
Status:
vs:stable

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Action Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.
Status:
vs:stable

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Currency

Description:
Currency in which the monetary amount is expressed in 3-letter ISO 4217 format such as "USD".
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Demographic Information

Description:
Aggregate data or summaries of statistical data relating to the population of credential holders including data about gender, geopolitical regions, age, education levels, and other categories of interest.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

High Earnings

Description:
Upper interquartile earnings.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jobs Obtained

Description:
Number of jobs obtained in the region during a given timeframe.
Status:
vs:stable

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Low Earnings

Description:
Lower interquartile earnings.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Median earnings

Description:
Median earnings.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Number Awarded

Description:
Number of credentials awarded.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Post Receipt Months

Description:
Number of months after earning a credential when employment and earnings data is collected.
Comment:
Number of months usually range between 3 months (one quarter) to ten years.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Source URL

Description:
Authoritative source of an entity's information.
Comment:
Citation or description of an authoritative souce from which information or description has been derived.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Relevant Data Set

Description:
Data Set on which earnings or employment data is based.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Has Statement

Description:
Alignment assertion belonging to the alignment map.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Aggregate Data

Description:
Statistical information about the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for the entity including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Status:
vs:stable

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Credential Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Status:
vs:stable

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Status:
vs:stable

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. resources is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other resources may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

In Language

Description:
The primary language or languages of the entity, even if it makes use of other languages; e.g., a course offered in English to teach Spanish would have an inLanguage of English, while a credential in Quebec could have an inLanguage of both French and English.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

ISIC Revision 4 Code

Description:
The International Standard of Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4 code for a particular organization, business person, or place.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Learning Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. resources, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the ONet. Other resources may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification, such as the EU's ESCO, ISCO-08, and SOC 2010.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:OccupationClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Status:
vs:stable

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the resource.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Status:
vs:stable

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal Frequency

Description:
Frequency with which the credential needs to be renewed.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Status:
vs:stable

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Same As

Description:
Another source of information about the entity being described.
Comment:
Other sources may include descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia, Wikidata, the Credential Engine Registry, or other platforms.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Status:
vs:stable

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Target Pathway

Description:
Pathway in which this resource is a potential component.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Status:
vs:stable

Acting Agent

Description:
Organization or person performing an action.
Status:
vs:stable

Action Status Type

Description:
Entity describing the current disposition or standing of an action; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Action Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Evidence of Action

Description:
Entity that proves that the action occured or that the action continues to be valid.
Comment:
The evidence verifies the information in the action and is particular to it. It is not a directory of such evidentiary entities or a description of how such verifications might generically be characterized.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Participant

Description:
Co-agents that participated in the action indirectly.
Status:
vs:stable

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Has Child

Description:
The referenced resource is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than this resource.
Comment:
This property identifies a child node in the downward path in the chain of resources in a taxon path.
Status:
vs:stable

Component Designation

Description:
Label identifying the category to further distinguish one component from another as designated by the promulgating body.
Comment:
Examples may include "Required", "Core", "General Education", "Elective", etc.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Has Condition

Description:
Resource referenced defines a condition by which this resource is satisfied in full or in part.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable

Is Destination Component Of

Description:
Pathway for which this resource is the goal or destination.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Point Value

Description:
Points associated with this resource, or points possible.
Status:
vs:stable

Precedes

Description:
Resource that logically comes after this resource.
Comment:
The ceterms:precedes property indicates a simple or suggested ordering of resources.
Status:
vs:stable

Proxy For

Description:
Indicates the resource for which a pathway component or similar proxy resource is a stand-in.
Comment:
The subject for this property will be acting as proxy in a context such as a pathway for the resource that is its object, so that assertions can be made about relationships between things in that context that are not universally true of the resources for which they are proxies.
Status:
vs:unstable
Value Type:

Source Data

Description:
Structured data representing the resource.
Comment:
The preferred data serialization is JSON-LD or some other serialization of RDF.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assesses

Description:
Competency evaluated through the assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Example

Description:
Example assessment or assessment item.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Assessment Example Description

Description:
Text of an example assessment or assessment item.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Assessment Method Description

Description:
Description of the methods used to conduct assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Assessment Method Type

Description:
Type of method used to conduct an assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:AssessmentMethod vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Assessment Method Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Assessment Output

Description:
Description of the assessment artifact, performance or examination.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Assessment Use Type

Description:
Type of intended use of the assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:AssessmentUse vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Assessment Use Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credit Unit Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of credit unit type.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Credit Value

Description:
A credit-related value.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Delivery Type

Description:
Type of means by which a learning opportunity or assessment is delivered to credential seekers and by which they interact; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use concepts from a controlled vocabulary such as the ceterms:DeliveryType vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Delivery Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of the delivery type of an assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Status:
vs:stable

Entry Condition

Description:
Prerequisites for entry into a credentialing program, a learning opportunity or an assessment including transcripts, records of previous experience, and lower-level learning opportunities.
Status:
vs:stable

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

External Research

Description:
Research that supports or validates one or more aspects of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Status:
vs:stable

Has Group Evaluation

Description:
Whether or not the assessment activity is scored as a group.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Has Group Participation

Description:
Whether or not two or more participants are required to complete the assessment activity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Has Offering

Description:
Indicates an offering and typical schedule.
Usage Note:
Only use this property when it is necessary and useful to provide data about specific offerings of a learning opportunity or assessment, such as particular combinations of schedule, location, and delivery.
Status:
vs:unstable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. resources is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other resources may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

In Language

Description:
The primary language or languages of the entity, even if it makes use of other languages; e.g., a course offered in English to teach Spanish would have an inLanguage of English, while a credential in Quebec could have an inLanguage of both French and English.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Is Non-Credit

Description:
Resource carries or confers no official academic credit towards a program or a credential.
Status:
vs:unstable
Value Type:

Is Proctored

Description:
Whether or not the assessment is supervised or monitored by an agent.
Comment:
Such supervision or proctoring includes: (1) guaranteeing of the identities of the examinees; (2) the conditions of the examination including instructions, time, materials, equipment and completion, and (3) completed without unauthorized assistance.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Learning Method Description

Description:
Description of the methods used to conduct learning.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Life Cycle Status Type

Description:
Type of state of the resource in terms of its stage in a life cycle; select from an enumeration of such types.
Status:
vs:unstable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Life Cycle Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. resources, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the ONet. Other resources may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification, such as the EU's ESCO, ISCO-08, and SOC 2010.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:OccupationClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Status:
vs:stable

Offer Frequency Type

Description:
Type of frequency at which a resource is offered; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Comment:
This relates to how often something starts.
Usage Note:
For information relating to the frequency of events associated with a resource when it is running, use ceterms:scheduleFrequencyType.
Status:
vs:unstable

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the resource.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Status:
vs:stable

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Status:
vs:stable

Same As

Description:
Another source of information about the entity being described.
Comment:
Other sources may include descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia, Wikidata, the Credential Engine Registry, or other platforms.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Schedule Frequency Type

Description:
Type of frequency indicating the cadence at which events associated with a resource typically occur; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Comment:
This relates to the frequency of events associated with a resource once it is running.
Usage Note:
For information relating to how often something starts, use ceterms:offerFrequencyType.
Status:
vs:unstable

Schedule Timing Type

Description:
Type of time at which events typically occur; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Status:
vs:unstable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Schedule Timing Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Scoring Method Description

Description:
Textual description of the method used to score the assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Scoring Method Example

Description:
Webpage or online document providing an example of the method or tool used to score the assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Scoring Method Example Description

Description:
Textual example of the method or tool used to score the assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Scoring Method Type

Description:
Type of method used to score the assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for U.S. credentials and for submission to the Credential Engine Registry, is to use concepts from the ceterms:ScoringMethod vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Scoring Method Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Status:
vs:stable

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Target Assessment

Description:
Assessment that provides direct, indirect, formative or summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality for an entity.
Status:
vs:stable

Target Learning Resource

Description:
Learning object or resource that is used as part of an learning activity.
Comment:
Examples include a textbook or lesson plan that describes or records the educational activity (e.g. an audio- or video-recording of a lesson).
Status:
vs:stable

Target Pathway

Description:
Pathway in which this resource is a potential component.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Aggregate Data

Description:
Statistical information about the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for the entity including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Status:
vs:stable

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Credential Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Status:
vs:stable

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Status:
vs:stable

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Status:
vs:stable

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Status:
vs:stable

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Status:
vs:stable

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. resources is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other resources may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

In Language

Description:
The primary language or languages of the entity, even if it makes use of other languages; e.g., a course offered in English to teach Spanish would have an inLanguage of English, while a credential in Quebec could have an inLanguage of both French and English.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

ISIC Revision 4 Code

Description:
The International Standard of Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4 code for a particular organization, business person, or place.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Learning Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. resources, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the ONet. Other resources may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification, such as the EU's ESCO, ISCO-08, and SOC 2010.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:OccupationClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Status:
vs:stable

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the resource.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Status:
vs:stable

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal Frequency

Description:
Frequency with which the credential needs to be renewed.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Status:
vs:stable

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Same As

Description:
Another source of information about the entity being described.
Comment:
Other sources may include descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia, Wikidata, the Credential Engine Registry, or other platforms.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Status:
vs:stable

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Target Pathway

Description:
Pathway in which this resource is a potential component.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Aggregate Data

Description:
Statistical information about the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for the entity including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Status:
vs:stable

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Credential Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Status:
vs:stable

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Status:
vs:stable

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Status:
vs:stable

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Status:
vs:stable

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Status:
vs:stable

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. resources is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other resources may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

In Language

Description:
The primary language or languages of the entity, even if it makes use of other languages; e.g., a course offered in English to teach Spanish would have an inLanguage of English, while a credential in Quebec could have an inLanguage of both French and English.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

ISIC Revision 4 Code

Description:
The International Standard of Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4 code for a particular organization, business person, or place.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Learning Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. resources, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the ONet. Other resources may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification, such as the EU's ESCO, ISCO-08, and SOC 2010.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:OccupationClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Status:
vs:stable

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the resource.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Status:
vs:stable

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal Frequency

Description:
Frequency with which the credential needs to be renewed.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Status:
vs:stable

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Same As

Description:
Another source of information about the entity being described.
Comment:
Other sources may include descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia, Wikidata, the Credential Engine Registry, or other platforms.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Status:
vs:stable

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Target Pathway

Description:
Pathway in which this resource is a potential component.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Aggregate Data

Description:
Statistical information about the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for the entity including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Status:
vs:stable

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Credential Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Status:
vs:stable

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Status:
vs:stable

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. resources is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other resources may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

In Language

Description:
The primary language or languages of the entity, even if it makes use of other languages; e.g., a course offered in English to teach Spanish would have an inLanguage of English, while a credential in Quebec could have an inLanguage of both French and English.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

ISIC Revision 4 Code

Description:
The International Standard of Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4 code for a particular organization, business person, or place.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Learning Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. resources, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the ONet. Other resources may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification, such as the EU's ESCO, ISCO-08, and SOC 2010.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:OccupationClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Status:
vs:stable

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the resource.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Status:
vs:stable

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal Frequency

Description:
Frequency with which the credential needs to be renewed.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Status:
vs:stable

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Same As

Description:
Another source of information about the entity being described.
Comment:
Other sources may include descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia, Wikidata, the Credential Engine Registry, or other platforms.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Status:
vs:stable

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Target Pathway

Description:
Pathway in which this resource is a potential component.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Status:
vs:stable

Has Child

Description:
The referenced resource is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than this resource.
Comment:
This property identifies a child node in the downward path in the chain of resources in a taxon path.
Status:
vs:stable

Component Category

Description:
Identifies the type of PathwayComponent subclass not explicitly covered in the current array of PathwayComponent subclasses.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Component Designation

Description:
Label identifying the category to further distinguish one component from another as designated by the promulgating body.
Comment:
Examples may include "Required", "Core", "General Education", "Elective", etc.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Has Condition

Description:
Resource referenced defines a condition by which this resource is satisfied in full or in part.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable

Is Destination Component Of

Description:
Pathway for which this resource is the goal or destination.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Point Value

Description:
Points associated with this resource, or points possible.
Status:
vs:stable

Precedes

Description:
Resource that logically comes after this resource.
Comment:
The ceterms:precedes property indicates a simple or suggested ordering of resources.
Status:
vs:stable

Proxy For

Description:
Indicates the resource for which a pathway component or similar proxy resource is a stand-in.
Comment:
The subject for this property will be acting as proxy in a context such as a pathway for the resource that is its object, so that assertions can be made about relationships between things in that context that are not universally true of the resources for which they are proxies.
Status:
vs:unstable
Value Type:

Source Data

Description:
Structured data representing the resource.
Comment:
The preferred data serialization is JSON-LD or some other serialization of RDF.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Aggregate Data

Description:
Statistical information about the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for the entity including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Status:
vs:stable

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Credential Status Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a resource recognizes it in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the resource).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statement, characterization or account of the entity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Status:
vs:stable

Earnings

Description:
Entity describing aggregate credential holder earnings data.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Employment Outcome

Description:
Entity describing aggregate data on jobs obtained with the credential by occupation and industry for a given period of time in a specific region.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Estimated Duration

Description:
Estimated time it will take to complete a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Expiration Date

Description:
Date beyond which the resource is no longer offered or available.
Comment:
Previously earned, completed, or attained resources may still be valid even if they are no longer offered.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Status:
vs:stable

Holders

Description:
Entity describing the number and characteristics of credentialed individuals and their geographic location.
Usage Note:
The use of ceterms:aggregateData instead of this property is strongly recommended.
Status:
vs:stable

Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric token that identifies this resource and information about the token's originating context or scheme.
Usage Note:
Where a specific property for the originating context or scheme exists, such as ceterms:opeID, ceterms:ncesID, ceterms:leiCode, etc., use that property instead of this one. Where the identifier has no nameable originating context or scheme other than that of the resource being identified, ceterms:codedNotation may be used.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. resources is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other resources may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

In Language

Description:
The primary language or languages of the entity, even if it makes use of other languages; e.g., a course offered in English to teach Spanish would have an inLanguage of English, while a credential in Quebec could have an inLanguage of both French and English.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

ISIC Revision 4 Code

Description:
The International Standard of Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4 code for a particular organization, business person, or place.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Status:
vs:stable

Keyword

Description:
Keyword or key phrase describing relevant aspects of an entity.
Usage Note:
Use the keyword property to enter free text keywords. A subject concept in a controlled vocabulary should use the subject property.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Learning Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the learning opportunity for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the resource.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Occupation Type

Description:
Type of occupation; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. resources, best practice is to identify an occupation using a framework such as the ONet. Other resources may use any framework of the class ceterms:OccupationClassification, such as the EU's ESCO, ISCO-08, and SOC 2010.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:OccupationClassification Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property.

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Status:
vs:stable

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the resource.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Status:
vs:stable

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Status:
vs:stable
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Status:
vs:stable

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewal Frequency

Description:
Frequency with which the credential needs to be renewed.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Status:
vs:stable

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Status:
vs:stable

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Status:
vs:stable

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Status:
vs:stable

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Status:
vs:stable

Same As

Description:
Another source of information about the entity being described.
Comment:
Other sources may include descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia, Wikidata, the Credential Engine Registry, or other platforms.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Status:
vs:stable

Subject Webpage

Description:
Webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Target Pathway

Description:
Pathway in which this resource is a potential component.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Status:
vs:stable

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Aggregate Data

Description:
Statistical information about the resource.
Status:
vs:stable

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for the entity including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Status:
vs:stable

Assessment Delivery Type

Description:
Delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Comment:
Indicates the delivery type for the assessment for the credential.
Status:
vs:stable
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the Delivery Type Concept Scheme via the Credential Alignment Object's ceterms:targetNode property:

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Audience Type

Description:
The type of audience for which the resource is applicable, intended, or useful; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Status:
vs:stable

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Status:
vs:stable

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Status:
vs:stable
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Status:
vs:stable

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Status:
vs:stable

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Status:
vs:stable

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Status:
vs:stable