CTDL Types List

Credential Types

Badge
Recognition designed to be displayed as a marker of accomplishment, activity, achievement, skill, interest, association, or identity.
Digital Badge
Badge offered in digital form.
Open Badge
Visual symbol containing verifiable claims in accordance with the Open Badges specification and delivered digitally.
Certificate
Credential that designates requisite knowledge and skills of an occupation, profession, or academic program.
Apprenticeship Certificate
Credential earned through work-based learning and earn-and-learn models that meet standards and are applicable to industry trades and professions.
Journeyman Certificate
Credential awarded to skilled workers on successful completion of an apprenticeship in industry trades and professions.
Master Certificate
Credential awarded upon demonstration through apprenticeship of the highest level of skills and performance in industry trades and professions.
Certification
Time-limited, revocable, renewable credential awarded by an authoritative body for demonstrating the knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform specific tasks or an occupation.
Certifications can typically be revoked if not renewed, for a violation of a code of ethics (if applicable) or proven incompetence after due process. Description of revocation criteria for a specific Certification should be defined using Revocation Profile.
Degree
Academic credential conferred upon completion of a program or course of study, typically over multiple years at a college or university.
Associate Degree
College/university award for students typically completing the first one to two years of post secondary school education.
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 5.
Bachelor's Degree
College/university award for students typically completing three to five years of education where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the first one to two years of college/university study.
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 6.
Use for 5-year cooperative (work-study) programs. A cooperative plan provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government; thus, it allows students to combine actual work experience with their college studies. Also includes bachelor's degrees in which the normal 4 years of work are completed in 3 years.
Doctoral Degree
Highest credential award for students who have completed both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree or their equivalent as well as independent research and/or a significant project or paper.
Equivalent to UNESCO ISCED, Level 8.
Professional Doctorate
Doctoral degree conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice.
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.
Research Doctorate
Doctoral degree conferred for advanced work beyond the master level, including the preparation and defense of a thesis or dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement.
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.
Master's Degree
Credential awarded for a graduate level course of study where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the bachelor's degree or its equivalent.
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 7.
Diploma
Credential awarded by educational institutions for successful completion of a course of study or its equivalent.
General Education Development (GED)
Credential awarded by examination that demonstrates that an individual has acquired secondary school-level academic skills.
Secondary School Diploma
Diploma awarded by secondary education institutions for successful completion of a secondary school program of study.
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011 Levels 2 or 3.
License
Credential awarded by a government agency that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job and/or utilize a specific item, system or infrastructure and are typically earned through some combination of degree or certificate attainment, certifications, assessments, work experience, and/or fees, and are time-limited and must be renewed periodically.
Micro-Credential
Credential that addresses a subset of field-specific knowledge, skills, or competencies; often developmental with relationships to other micro-credentials and field credentials.
Quality Assurance Credential
Credential assuring that an organization, program, or awarded credential meets prescribed requirements and may include development and administration of qualifying examinations.

Organization Types

Assessment Body
Primarily offers assessments for credentials as a service.
Business
Organization that primarily sells products or services and employs one or more individuals.
Business or Industry Association
Membership organization primarily engaged in promoting the interests of their business members and providing them with services that may involve the provision of education and credentialing services.
Certification Body
Independent, third-party organization that operates a certification program. A certification body may or may not be governmental, and may or may not have regulatory authority.
Collaborative
Organized group of entities in the public, private, government sectors that collaborates to achieve a common set of goals.
Coordinating Body
An organization that organizes multiple stakeholders around a common goal.
Government Agency
Organization in the public sector at the federal, state or local levels.
Includes quasi-governmental organizations, special districts (e.g., libraries), corrections organizations, etc., except college and school districts. Is also responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions other than the military services.
Labor Union
Membership organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members' interests in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions.
Military
Armed services of a government entity.
Postsecondary Educational Institution
Organization such as a college or university.
Organization with the authority to award degrees, and whose primary purpose is to provide postsecondary (tertiary or non-tertiary) education including programs whose purpose is providing academic, vocational, and continuing professional education.
Four-Year College
Authorized postsecondary institution that primarily offers bachelor or higher degrees, but may also award associate degrees.
Includes free-standing medical, law or other first-professional schools, schools that offer postbaccalaureate certificates only, those that offer graduate programs only, etc.
Two-Year College
Authorized postsecondary institution that primarily offers associate degrees and certificates, and, if authorized, may also award higher degrees.
Includes occupational and vocational schools with programs of at least 1800 hours, academic institutions with programs of less than 4 years, etc.
Primarily Online
Organization that primarily operates online.
Professional Association
Membership organization primarily engaged in promoting the interests of a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession, and providing them with services that may involve the provision of education and credentialing services.
Quality Assurance Body
External body that performs accreditation, endorsement, approval, and/or recognition of a credential issuer.
Secondary School
Secondary school primarily providing education to students at the ninth grade or higher.
High School
Secondary school providing instruction and educational services that do not focus primarily on career and technical education or alternative education.
Magnet/Competitive Admissions School
Public school offering special instruction and programs not available elsewhere, designed to attract a more diverse student body from throughout a school district.
Alternative/Non-Traditional School
Secondary (i.e., high school) that: 1) addresses needs of students which cannot typically be met in a regular school; 2) provides nontraditional education; 3) falls outside of the categories of regular, magnet/special program emphasis, or career and technical education.
Career and Technical School
Secondary school that focuses primarily on providing formal preparation for skilled, technical or professional occupations or careers.
Education and Training Provider
Organization whose major purpose is to provide education and training services but is not a postsecondary education institution with the authority to award degrees.
Includes community-based organizations, non-degree granting proprietary schools which are education and training providers that are recognized by states as schools.
In the U.S., use for Title IV eligible organizations that do not award degrees.
Vendor
Sells, maintains, and issues credentials for its own products and services for public access and use.